A variety of soap making processes
Soap making is a subtle procedure, but the ingredients used to make soap are simple and include bleach, oils, water, fragrances, colorants, and other elective additives. The oils and fats used in soap can come from vegetable or animal fats. The most practical oils for making soaps are the fixed oils, which can rise to high temperatures without evaporating, and include different base oils such as palm, olive, and coconut. There are two fats that are used in making soap: saturated fats, which make hard soap, and unsaturated fats.
Fats are usually in solid form first and must be melted before use, such as shea butter and cocoa, which are examples of saturated fats. Most vegetable oils that are in liquid form are unsaturated fats and are generally used to make liquid soap. When using these fats in the manufacture of bar soap, saturated fats must be mixed; a harder bar results when a higher amount of saturated fat is used. Traditionally, lye is extracted by hand from the ashes of wood, as it is generally found in most grocery or hardware stores. In soap making, bleach is the component that hydrolyzes fats or oils and turns into soap.
Tap water is not ideal for making soaps because it contains additives and minerals, so using spring or bottled water is best for making soap. Aromatic oils are of two types, aromatic oils and essential oils. Aromatic oils contain alcohol and are artificial and are generally avoided; The other chemicals and alcohol in scent oils can dry out or irritate the skin, cause unexpected problems in the soap-making process, and can also ruin the final mix.
Commercial soap makers often prefer the full boil method. All ingredients are added at once, in a large container, and heated to trigger the soap-making process, in which glycerin is a by-product created through this method. Glycerin is typically removed by commercial soap makers and sold; Still, your soap, with the glycerin still in it, will be surprisingly more hydrating and skin-conditioning than commercial bars.
Batch re-processing refers to the process of melting soap scum, or pieces of soap base, and re-molding them. Batch replenishment is functional if you have soaps that are warped or have cosmetic blemishes, but are still usable; it also helps bring out all the medicinal or beautifying benefits of any herbs you have added to make soap.